This essay has the objective of defending that the unipolarity is not a transition to the multipolarity, contrary to what the theory of International Relations predicts. The focus of the analysis will be on the practical elements that constitute the power of the States, not the theory predictions that, in my opinion, do not apply nowadays.
The article critically analyses the concept of "totalitarianism" as applied to communist and fascist regimes. While rejecting, out of theoretical and empirical considerations, the concept in its hard (orthodox) and soft ("ideal-typical") versions, the author proposes to rescue the heuristic potential of the concept by adapting it in a neokantian fashion and differentiating its use in relation to fascist and communist regimes.
This paper shows the evolution of the Andean Community of Nations, explaining every step, surpassing politicals, socials and economical problems till to get an legal integration of communitarian nature, situation that the Mercosur didn´t get, for this reason it is possible to say that exists an Andean Communitarian Law, allowing a legal system in the Andean block with a communitarian court possessing legal force in the five countries members.
Analytical essay criticizing the Brazilian self-assumedinternational posture as a “developing country”, it argues that Brazil has in fact completed its industrializing process and achieved, for the most, the basic tasks related to economic progress and technological development.Brazil shows a still incomplete social integration process, and was severely curtailed in achieving a full market economy; however, those endeavors do not depend on any additional success in the economic developmental path, but are basically linked to heavy investments in education.
The United States of America and the Latin America’s countries have made several strategic negotiations about Free Trade, since the end of the XIX Century. One hundred years later this negotiations were named AFTA. This agreement, mistakenly named “Integration” and with an apparent symmetry, lie hidden, not only the asymmetry the styles and histories of national development from both sides of capitalism, but the politic assumption and continental platforms of domination of one of the economics over the rest, with an unconfessed ideological and philosophical depth sustained idealist pilaster of the XIX century.
The contradictions generates by the development of Capitalism during the last years face us a panorama that offers a mixture of challenges and opportunities. By a side the present process of Globalization has obtained in all the planet the interconnection of the productive system, and therefore independence between the different places has taken step to an increasing interdependence; on the other hand the Posmodernity preaches the necessity and the beauty of a fragmented world where it reigns the individuality, the difference and the indifference. The concept of Geographic Space developed by Anglo-Saxon Geography is like an important tool to understand the confused reality that at the moment surrounds to us.
In this work we analyzed the neoliberalism as world political system, in other words, an attempt of legitimating as neoimperialism, that feeds in the conquest of territories. It is a veiled attack and radical against the mechanisms of control of the State, imposed by the Market, or be for the American Empire. He/she/you nails total freedom of trade, without limitations. Those politics were already denounced as a lethal threat to the freedom, economical and political, your message it is drastic in spite of your good intentions, the project of administration of the State moderated imposed through Consent of Washington to the countries of the periphery of the capitalist system, possibly it will lead to the same disaster that the German Nazism, in other words, the modern servitude.
In the current days, the increasing perspectives of integration between the South-american countries – considering that the Mercosur has been gradually being inflated with the association of Andean Pact joint countries – bring up the necessity of knowing the political-administrative division model of the territories of this band of the continent. The greater economic interaction creates the necessity of making more intense comparisons of statistical data, relating to the economical, political and social (mainly demographic) order. For preventing this serious error to happen, the knowledge about the administrative division criteria conferred by each state-nation to its territory is an extremely necessary task to be reached. A further although minor objective of this article is to discuss the configuration of the smallest.
In this work we analyze the effect of the end of the socialist block for the Cuban economy and the attempts of overcoming of this new reality. The paper of the socialism also is analyzed inside of the new logic restored for the loss of 85% of the foreign commerce and its fight against the neoliberal model.
El presente texto retrata la relación de Karl Marx en el interior de su espacio familiar, su convívio con esposa e hijos, bien como, los sentimientos que el mismo poseía para con la situación de miseria y pobreza de la población trabajadora.
El presente trabajo busca entender las cuestiones ontológicas de la historia que expliquen lo interese de España por Cuba remetiéndonos a la lógica del proceso de explotación desarrollado por los países colonizadores. Ese movimiento histórico solo puede ser entendido en el interior de la expansión mercantilista y por la audacia del Capital y su esencia expansionista.