Surgical treatment of fractures involving the proximal humeral head is hampered by complications. Screw cutout is the major pitfall seen in connection with rigid plating. We have exploited a bony explanation for this phenomenon.
Pyogenic myositis is uncommon. It normally affects the large muscle groups in the lower limb or trunk and the most common causative organism isStaphylococcusaureus. We present a case of an immunocompetent man who, unusually, had a recurring form of the disease in subscapularis and teres minor. The causative organism was also highly unusual (Fusobacterium).
We present a case of a 31-year-old man who suffered from a floating clavicle in combination with a reverse Hill-Sachs lesion of his right shoulder girdle after a bicycle accident. Operative treatment was performed using minimal-invasive and arthroscopically assisted techniques.
We report a case of bilateral scapular spine stress fracture, treated conservatively on one side and operatively on the other side. Besides, we performed a literature review to establish management options. A 61-year-old right-handed gentleman came to our clinic with acute on chronic deterioration of shoulder pain and loss of arm function. Clinical assessment and investigations revealed long-standing bilateral rotator cuff tear and scapular spine stress fractures. The fracture on the right side united with conservative management for 2 months. However, his left side remained symptomatic with pain, abnormal mobility and no radiological evidence of union. The fracture progressed to union after fixation and bone grafting. At the final follow-up at 2 years, the patient was asymptomatic with regards to the fractures with Oxford Shoulder Score (OSS)-30 and Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH)-30.8. Fracture union either by conservative or operative treatment is associated with good functional outcome and is supported by our review.
Distal clavicle fractures associated with coracoclavicular ligament disruption are potentially unstable and necessitate surgical treatment. Current fixation techniques are nonanatomic and do not address relevant aspects of the pathoanatomy. We have developed a technique that uses a unique combination of implants; this permits minimally invasive fixation and stable reduction with a lateral fragment size as small as 5 mm. The surgical technique consists of (1) neutralization of muscular forces on the proximal fragment using a minimally invasive ligament repair device (TightRope?, Arthrex, FL, USA) and (2) internal fixation using a contour-matched locking plate (2.4 mm LCP?Distal radius plates, Synthes, USA). Technical tips to optimize this new procedure are discussed. The technique can be extended to an “arthroscopic-assisted” method involving arthroscopic coracoclavicular fixation followed by a mini-open plate fixation of the clavicular fragments.
Performing a labral repair alone in patients with recurrent anterior instability and a large glenoid defect has led to poor outcomes. We present a technique involving the use of the iliac crest allograft inserted into the glenoid defect in athletes with recurrent anterior shoulder instability and large bony defects of the glenoid (>25% of glenoid diameter). All athletes with recurrent anterior shoulder instability and a large glenoid defect that underwent open anterior shoulder stabilization and glenoid reconstruction with the iliac crest allograft were followed over a 4-year period. Preoperatively, a detailed history and physical exam were obtained along with standard radiographs and magnetic resonance imaging of the affected shoulder. All patients also completed the Simple Shoulder Test (SST) and American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) evaluation forms preoperatively. A computed tomography scan was obtained postoperatively to assess osseous union of the graft and the patient again went through a physical exam in addition to completing the SST, ASES, and Western Ontario Shoulder Instability Index (WOSI) forms. 10 patients (9 males, 1 female) were followed for an average of 16 months (4–36 months) and had a mean age of 24.4 years. All patients exhibited a negative apprehension/relocation test and full shoulder strength at final follow-up. Eight of 10 patients had achieved osseous union at 6 months (80.0%). ASES scores improved from 64.3 to 97.8, and SST scores improved from 66.7 to 100. Average postoperative WOSI scores were 93.8%. The use of the iliac crest allograft provides a safe and clinically useful alternative compared to previously described procedures for recurrent shoulder instability in the face of glenoid deficiency.