The goal of this paper was to identify the leadership approach and dimensions influencing the managerial perceptions of the agricultural organization's president. This research was carried out with agricultural organization presidents by using questionnaires. For this purpose, 29 items were given to presidents and a Liken scale used for the degree of agreement of each item. Factor analysis, Cronbach alpha coefficient was situated to be 0.933. To specify the dimensions influencing the managerial perception of agricultural organizations president principle component analysis with varimax rotation was used. Eigenvalue belongs to seven of 29 items was calculated higher than one. As a result of this analysis, seven dimensions were examined. These dimensions clarified 75.75% of the total variance. The main aspects influencing the managerial perception of agricultural organizations president were constructed to be motivation and team spirit, the power of initiative, put the organization interests over their individual interests, devotion to duty, entrepreneurial spirit, empathy ability and sense of belonging to an organization.
European immigrants -and those mixed with native people called caboclos- keep in Southern Brazil therapeutic peculiarities derived from the experience with the biodiversity present in highland fields ecosystems, associated with araucaria forests. The study systematized the popular knowledge about herbal medicine practices adopted by family farmers in the South Plateau of Santa Catarina State. Semi-structured interviews were adopted for the collection of information. Also, indices were adopted as estimates. The knowledge of medicinal plants shared by family farmers of the region appears as a sociocultural heritage, which is still present in rural communities in spite of land changes and alterations in land use.
This article aims to estimate the effect of using the micro-finances on the poverty, measured as the income per Mexican rural household. By using the information from the Coneval Survey to Mexican Rural Households 2013 (EnChor 2013) as well as the techniques of Propensity Score Matching, the outcomes from this research show that micro-loans help to reduce the poverty levels among the rural households in Mexico. These findings indicate the need to create public policies that will enable to incorporate higher numbers of poor households into the micro-finance market, which would improve the standard of living of the people in those areas.
The farming sciences are an academic link between sociology and ecology. Currently, there is a prevalent technocratic perspective intended to increase both the productivity and the efficiency with a strong instrumental and operative drive in order to cope with many complex problems. This way some other aspects have been put in the background, even though they should be considered when dealing with the rural development and sustainability. The paper aims to discuss on the role of the farming sciences as an academic link useful to cope with social-environmental problems and the tensions arising in the preservation of rural ecosystems and the territorial development.
We analyzed the discursive and relational effects of the pilot project 'Reduction of Emissions due to Deforestation and Forest Degradation' (REDD+) in domestic units both entitled and not entitled to land access in the common land Felipe Carrillo Puerto, Quintana Roo. Based on semi-structured surveys and interviews, we identified those mechanisms favoring the adoption of preservation practices by the common land owner-residents while restricting the traditional forest management. These dynamics bring about changes in the subsistence strategies of the domestic units and limit the participation and benefit distribution to women, the youth, and settlers who do not own the land.
This research aims to analyze the protected agriculture in Mexico by using as an analytical fiarnework the agricultural innovation system. The studied regions included Puebla, Tlaxcala and Hidalgo. The results indicate that these three regions have few cases of adopted innovations and that the innovation systems have a weak articulation as well as a low profitability trend. To consolidate the protected agriculture as an alternative in the rural development area, it is necessary to implement projects intended to strengthen innovation systems that consider the territorial characteristics.
This article analyses the production costs and the value chain for the traditional plants grown by the Cundinamarca peasants, specifically in the town Chipaque. This way, the work shows the production challenges faced by the peasants due to the tensions between the economism rationality and the alternative rationality. The latter considers the socioeconomic practices together with different forms of valuing the things. This work highlights the heterogenous nature of the peasants as well as the workings of the value chain in the traditional plants production, from the land to the selling place at the town markets in Bogota, taking into account the dehydration process.
One of the main difficulties for medium- and small-sized food producers both in Colombia and Mexico is the access to favorable markets. Due to this problem, different actors have produced marketing strategies intended to recover the physical and symbolic spaces expressing both the demands and claims related to the production, distribution and consumption of local food. Based on qualitative research techniques, we studied the mechanisms used by four alternative local markets in these two countries, in order to differentiate their production as well as the subjects involved. The results show the benefits, tensions and challenges stemming from the certification processes.
The effects of the ecotourism in the relationships between inhabitants and their environment are complex and multidimensional. To explore these effects, two community ecotourism initiatives in the Guaviare Province were comparatively analyzed. This territory has been historically affected by the armed conflict and today is given priority as a scenery for the peace construction. The analysis herein articulates approaches both from the political ecology and the socio-ecological systems and considers how important it is to understand the power relations emerging in community ecotourism contexts that, in turn, help to measure how this kind of tourism impacts the socio-ecological dynamics and the strategies by the peasant families who try to diversify their economies to made them sustainable.
This work analyzes the relationship between productive diversification -including ecotourism- and the use and importance of natural resources in four rural locations in Oaxaca, Mexico. To do so, the findings from a survey applied to 209 households in 2014 were used and i6 significant variables were selected thereof: The study stages consist in the description of the socioeconomic and environmental characteristics of the examined locations, and the diversification analysis. It is confirmed that, under similar conditions, both sustainable diversification and exploitation of the natural resources become crucial practices in the life strategies of the involved households.
This work evaluates the competitiveness among the avocado peasant producer organizations in the villages of Ovejas, Coloso and Chalan, in the. Colombian province of Sucre, under the organizational competitive analysis. The objective was accomplished based on a correlational descriptive study -which is both a quantitative methodology and an analytical inductive method- with a questionnaire applied to the four studied organizations as the source of information. The results indicate that the studied avocado-producing organizations in the Sucre province have low competitiveness levels, which makes them impossible to tap into the international market.