(V0.85Fe0.15)(100-x)B-x alloys (x = 0.5-15 atomic %) were synthesized by arc melting. 5 atomic % addition of boron to alloys markedly increased the hydrogen absorbing reaction rate to 50 times. However, the maximum hydrogen absorbing capacity decreased with the increasing boron addition. Even when it is very difficult to measure the exact amount of desorbed hydrogen by Sieverts' method, a new analysis method "iGFS hybrid method" which combines the inert gas fusion method with the Sieverts' method can estimate approximate amount of usable hydrogen HHimusabierapidly. With this method, by only 0.5% addition of boron, H-H/M(usable) increased significantly. The nature of hydrogen-alloy system was considered to change from "Compound type" to "Electron flow type" by only 0.5% addition of boron. We have designed a new analysis method "iGFG hybrid method" which combines the inert gas fusion method with the gravimetric method. With this iGFG method, the tendency of increasing boron evaporation by hydrogenation with the increasing boron addition may be observed, although quantitativity is not enough. (C) 2016 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Document Reviewers: Victor Aboyans (CPG Review Coordinator) (France), Antonio Vaz Carneiro (CPG Review Coordinator) (Portugal), Stephan Achenbach (Germany), Stefan Agewall (Norway), Yannick Allanore (France), Riccardo Asteggiano (Italy), Luigi Paolo Badano (Italy), Joan Albert Barbera (Spain), Helene Bouvaist (France), Hector Bueno (Spain), Robert A. Byrne (Germany), Scipione Carerj (Italy), Graca Castro (Portugal), Cetin Erol (Turkey), Volkmar Falk (Germany), Christian Funck-Brentano (France), Matthias Gorenflo (Germany), John Granton (Canada), Bernard Iung (France), David G. Kiely (UK), Paulus Kirchhof (Germany/UK), Barbro Kjellstrom (Sweden), Ulf Landmesser (Switzerland), John Lekakis (Greece), Christos Lionis (Greece), Gregory Y. H. Lip (UK), Stylianos E. Orfanos (Greece), Myung H. Park (USA), Massimo F. Piepoli (Italy), Piotr Ponikowski (Poland), Marie-Pierre Revel (France), David Rigau (ERS methodologist) (Switzerland), Stephan Rosenkranz (Germany), Heinz Voller (Germany), and Jose Luis Zamorano (Spain)
The problem of identifying dynamical models on the basis of measurement data is usually considered in a classical open-loop or closed-loop setting. In this paper, this problem is generalized to dynamical systems that operate in a complex interconnection structure and the objective is to consistently identify the dynamics of a particular module in the network. For a known interconnection structure it is shown that the classical prediction error methods for closed-loop identification can be generalized to provide consistent model estimates, under specified experimental circumstances. Two classes of methods considered in this paper are the direct method and the joint-IO method that rely on consistent noise models, and indirect methods that rely on external excitation signals like two-stage and IV methods. Graph theoretical tools are presented to verify the topological conditions under which the several methods lead to consistent module estimates. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
We present a highly-parallel multi-frequency hybrid radiation hydrodynamics algorithm that combines a spatially-adaptive long characteristics method for the radiation field from point sources with a moment method that handles the diffuse radiation field produced by a volume-filling fluid. Our Hybrid Adaptive Ray-Moment Method (HARM(2)) operates on patch based adaptive grids, is compatible with asynchronous time stepping, and works with any moment method. In comparison to previous long characteristics methods, we have greatly improved the parallel performance of the adaptive long-characteristics method by developing a new completely asynchronous and non-blocking communication algorithm. As a result of this improvement, our implementation achieves near-perfect scaling up to O(10(3)) processors on distributed memory machines. We present a series of tests to demonstrate the accuracy and performance of the method. (C) 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
In view of the minimization of a nonsmooth nonconvex function f, we prove an abstract convergence result for descent methods satisfying a sufficient-decrease assumption, and allowing a relative error tolerance. Our result guarantees the convergence of bounded sequences, under the assumption that the function f satisfies the Kurdyka–Łojasiewicz inequality. This assumption allows to cover a wide range of problems, including nonsmooth semi-algebraic (or more generally tame) minimization. The specialization of our result to different kinds of structured problems provides several new convergence results for inexact versions of the gradient method, the proximal method, the forward–backward splitting algorithm, the gradient projection and some proximal regularization of the Gauss–Seidel method in a nonconvex setting. Our results are illustrated through feasibility problems, or iterative thresholding procedures for compressive sensing.