TROSY and CRINEPT are new techniques for solution NMR studies of molecular and supramolecular structures. They allow the collection of high-resolution spectra of structures with molecular weights >100 kDa, significantly extending the range of macromolecular systems that can be studied by NMR in solution. TROSY has already been used to map protein-protein interfaces, to conduct structural studies on membrane proteins and to study nucleic acid conformations in multimolecular assemblies. These techniques will help us to investigate the conformational states of individual macromolecular components and will support de novo protein structure determination in large supramolecular structures. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd.
Short-term synaptic plasticity has a key role in information processing in the CNS, whereas memories can be formed through long-lasting changes in synaptic strength. Despite the importance of these phenomena, it remains difficult to determine whether a synaptic modulation is expressed at a presynaptic or postsynaptic site. This article describes a new approach that, in its simplest form, can identify the site of expression by direct graphical means. A more-sophisticated form of the technique can quantify functional synaptic properties and determine which of these properties is altered following a modulation of synaptic strength. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd.