Increasing researches have focused on perfectionism recently. Most researchers are interested with the behavioral traits of perfectionist, the relation of perfectionism and mental health, and the influencing factors of perfectionism. However, only a few researchers explored it from a developmental perspective. Studies among adults have disclosed that perfectionism declines with age. Nevertheless, the findings on the trend of the perfectionism development among adolescents remain inconsistent. In the present study, the development of positive perfectionism, negative perfectionism among normal junior middle school students was explored. The results suggested that there was no grade effect on either positive perfectionism or negative perfectionism.Besides, the effects of implicit and explicit self-esteem on perfectionism were also explored in the present study. Self-esteem which is the center component of the self- system plays an important role in the development of individual personality. Consistent with previous researches, the findings implied that explicit self-esteem was positively correlated with adaptive perfectionism and was negatively correlated with maladaptive perfectionism. Furthermore, the relations between adaptive/maladaptive perfectionism and explicit self-esteem strengthened with grades. Implicit self-esteem means an individual’s implicit attitude towards self. The results suggested that the relation between implicit self-esteem and perfectionism was unstable across grades. For Grade 6, implicit self-esteem was negatively related with adaptive perfectionism; however, for Grade 8, implicit self-esteem was positively related with both adaptive and maladaptive perfectionism. There was the interaction of implicit and explicit self-esteem on perfectionism in the sample of Grade 8. Those with higher implicit self-esteem and lower explicit self-esteem reported higher levels of adaptive perfectionism, personal standards and concern over mistakes.
In the present, the Hi-tech industry is a leading and strategic industry in the world. The intellectual property right （IPR） is one of the most effective means to build up the innovation capacity and competence for many countries. However, China is now facing a heavier pressure from giant population, rare natural resources, deteriorating environment, and a greater challenge from international IPR competition and IPR protection pressure than ever. So, it is necessary for China to build up its indigenous innovation capacity and to deploy an effective IPR strategy for the Hi-tech industry.
Autonomic computing is the effective means to address the growing complexity of distributed systems. The system can manage itself by the self-configuring, self-healing, self-optimizing and self-protecting features. Especially for the remote sensing ground system, which is always a complex distributed system with functions of data acquisition, data management, data archive, data processing, information extraction and even can promptly meet the end user needs. Autonomic computing can effectively reduce system management and maintenance costs, and improve overall system availability.The main work and innovations are as follows:(1) Through the study of systems engineering research methods, the thesis focuses on the complex system of remote sensing ground system, research modeling techniques by using SysML. The model-based system development, effectively improves the efficiency of system design and system availability.(2) The paper systematically study the organizational structure and implementation of autonomic computing, as well as the means of achieving reach its own characteristics. The paper study the MAPE loop of autonomic computing, that is a key component of the self-management, and the implementation of the autonomic characteristics.(3) Combination of years of experience of remote sensing ground system construction, the author makes the research focus on how to make the autonomic characteristics in the remote sensing ground system, and design the autonomic architecture, software communication, service collaboration etc. Especially give the active points table method of underlying communication mechanism to support system autonomic.(4) Combined with autonomic system characteristics, system design principles are developed for the universal ground system design and development and many autonomous model of the system like generalized receptors, inference engine etc are constructed.(5) In many projects about remote sensing ground system, autonomic computing idea was embodied in the design of systems to varying degrees and achieve the autonomic features of communication, receptor and self-configuration etc.Author analysis the feasibility and advantages of autonomic computing and verify a number of key technologies, developed a number of components which can be reusable. Based on the work on the autonomic system of remote sensing, a solid foundation has been laid for the development of future universal autonomous ground system, and made a good attempt for the use of autonomic computing.
With the construction and development of Chinese satellite navigation, the schemes, theories, algorithms and system design are significant issues that need to be studied and resolved urgently. Among those issues, the Autonomous Navigation (AutoNav) for navigation satellites consists of autonomous orbit determination (AOD) algorithms and autonomous time synchronization (ATS) algorithms. Because the purpose of AutoNav is to support navigation satellites to maintain highly precise ephemeris and clock errors, the design and realization of AutoNav algorithms are crucial problems. Based on the summarization and analysis of relevant studies, this dissertation conducts a systematic and deep research on AutoNav algorithms. The main studies of this dissertation are summarized as follows: 1) Time systems and coordinate systems involved in AutoNav processes of navigation satellites are expounded. The transformations between different time systems and the transformation between ECEF system and J2000.0 CRF. 2) The measurement parameters are expounded, and the ranging principles, system components and characteristics of laser ranging, radar ranging and pseudorandom codes ranging are analyzed and compared. Through analysis and comparison, pseudorandom codes ranging is selected as the measurement method for navigation satellites. Distribution pattern, unification pattern and group pattern are analyzed and compared, the suitable data process pattern for navigation satellites are studied. 3) Four satellite orbit determination methods in common use are summarized. The principles and algorithms of statistical orbit determination are analyzed in details, and furthermore, numerical integration algorithms for satellite orbits are expounded, Runge-Kutta algorithms least square estimation, Kalman filtering, Sage-Husa adaptive filtering are expounded. Furthermore, measurement equations and state equations of navigation satellites AOD are designed. Two AOD algorithms, one based on standard Kalman filtering and the other based on Sage-Husa adaptive filtering, are established. Simulation results indicate that the AOD algorithm based on standard Kalman filtering can realize AOD for navigation satellites。 4) The concept and principle of time and frequency characterization analysis for frequency sources are analyzed, and the mathematical expressions of signals that frequency sources generate are presented. The relative frequency offset and the relative time offset are studied in details. Moreover, the system model and noise model of atomic clocks are established, and analysis methods of the time and frequency stability of atomic clocks are expounded. On the basis of the system model, noise model and the time and frequency stability analysis of atomic clocks, clock error model of ATS is derived. Accordingly, suitable state equations are designed. Measurement equations and the ATS algorithm based on standard Kalman filtering are established. Simulation results indicate that the ATS algorithm based on standard Kalman filtering can realize ATS for navigation satellites.