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期刊名称: REVIEWS OF MODERN PHYSICS
Volume:62    Issue:4        Page:801-866
ISSN:0034-6861

SUPERNOVA MECHANISMS期刊论文

作者: BETHE HA
DOI:10.1103/RevModPhys.62.801

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页码: 801-866
被引频次: 811
出版者: AMERICAN PHYSICAL SOC
期刊名称: REVIEWS OF MODERN PHYSICS
ISSN: 0034-6861
卷期: Volume:62    Issue:4
语言: English
摘要: Supernovae of Type II occur at the end of the evolution of massive stars. The phenomenon begins when the iron core of the star exceeds a Chandrasekhar mass. The collapse of that core under gravity is well understood and takes a fraction of a second. To understand the phenomenon, a detailed knowledge of the equation of state at the relevant densities and temperatures is required. After collapse, the shock wave moves outward, but probably does not succeed in expelling the mass of the star. The most likely mechanism to do so is the absorption of neutrinos from the core by the material at medium distances. Observations and theory connected with SN 1987A are discussed, as are the conditions just before collapse and the emission of neutrinos by the collapsed core.
相关主题: DIRAC-BRUECKNER APPROACH, MASSIVE STARS, LARGE MAGELLANIC CLOUD, DENSE NUCLEAR-MATTER, II SUPERNOVAE, GRAVITATIONAL COLLAPSE, STELLAR CORE COLLAPSE, SN 1987A, PHYSICS, NEUTRON-STAR FORMATION, MOMENTUM-DEPENDENT INTERACTIONS, REVIEWS, CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS, MATHEMATICAL MODELS, EQUATIONS, FERMIONS, 640102 - Astrophysics & Cosmology- Stars & Quasi-Stellar, Radio & X-Ray Sources, SUPERNOVAE, HISTORICAL ASPECTS, ELEMENTARY PARTICLES, SHOCK WAVES, DOCUMENT TYPES, LEPTONS, STAR EVOLUTION, VARIABLE STARS, MASSLESS PARTICLES, STARS, EQUATIONS OF STATE, ERUPTIVE VARIABLE STARS, NEUTRINOS, STAR MODELS,

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