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期刊名称: REVIEWS OF MODERN PHYSICS
Volume:85    Issue:1        Page:299-366
ISSN:0034-6861

Quantum fluids of light期刊论文

作者: Carusotto I Ciuti C
DOI:10.1103/RevModPhys.85.299

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页码: 299-366
被引频次: 745
出版者: AMER PHYSICAL SOC,American Physical Society
期刊名称: REVIEWS OF MODERN PHYSICS
ISSN: 0034-6861
卷期: Volume:85    Issue:1
语言: English
摘要: This article reviews recent theoretical and experimental advances in the fundamental understanding and active control of quantum fluids of light in nonlinear optical systems. In the presence of effective photon-photon interactions induced by the optical nonlinearity of the medium, a many-photon system can behave collectively as a quantum fluid with a number of novel features stemming from its intrinsically nonequilibrium nature. A rich variety of recently observed photon hydrodynamical effects is presented, from the superfluid flow around a defect at low speeds, to the appearance of a Mach-Cherenkov cone in a supersonic flow, to the hydrodynamic formation of topological excitations such as quantized vortices and dark solitons at the surface of large impenetrable obstacles. While the review is mostly focused on a specific class of semiconductor systems that have been extensively studied in recent years (planar semiconductor microcavities in the strong light-matter coupling regime having cavity polaritons as elementary excitations), the very concept of quantum fluids of light applies to a broad spectrum of systems, ranging from bulk nonlinear crystals, to atomic clouds embedded in optical fibers and cavities, to photonic crystal cavities, to superconducting quantum circuits based on Josephson junctions. The conclusive part of the article is devoted to a review of the future perspectives in the direction of strongly correlated photon gases and of artificial gauge fields for photons. In particular, several mechanisms to obtain efficient photon blockade are presented, together with their application to the generation of novel quantum phases. DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.85.299
相关主题: FABRY-PEROT CAVITY, OPTICAL PARAMETRIC OSCILLATOR, STRONGLY INTERACTING PHOTONS, PHYSICS, MULTIDISCIPLINARY, MICROCAVITY EXCITON-POLARITONS, ELECTROMAGNETICALLY INDUCED TRANSPARENCY, GINZBURG-LANDAU EQUATION, NONLINEAR SCHRODINGER-EQUATION, BOSE-EINSTEIN CONDENSATION, GROSS-PITAEVSKII EQUATION, TONKS-GIRARDEAU GAS, Fluids, Semiconductors, Fluid dynamics, Fluid flow, Nonlinearity, Holes, Photons, Microcavities, Usage, Analysis, Research, Pauli exclusion principle, Superfluidity, Bose-Einstein condensation, Photonics, Polarization (Electricity), Hydrofoil boats, Liquid helium, Hydrodynamics,

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