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期刊名称: REVIEWS OF MODERN PHYSICS
Volume:86    Issue:1        Page:187-251
ISSN:0034-6861

Dilute ferromagnetic semiconductors: Physics and spintronic structures期刊论文

作者: Dietl T Ohno H
DOI:10.1103/RevModPhys.86.187

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页码: 187-251
被引频次: 384
出版者: AMER PHYSICAL SOC,American Physical Society
期刊名称: REVIEWS OF MODERN PHYSICS
ISSN: 0034-6861
卷期: Volume:86    Issue:1
语言: English
摘要: This review compiles results of experimental and theoretical studies on thin films and quantum structures of semiconductors with randomly distributed Mn ions, which exhibit spintronic functionalities associated with collective ferromagnetic spin ordering. Properties of p-type Mn-containing III-V as well as II-VI, IV-VI, V-2 -VI3, I-II-V, and elemental group IV semiconductors are described, paying particular attention to the most thoroughly investigated system (Ga, Mn)As that supports the hole-mediated ferromagnetic order up to 190 K for the net concentration of Mn spins below 10%. Multilayer structures showing efficient spin injection and spin-related magnetotransport properties as well as enabling magnetization manipulation by strain, light, electric fields, and spin currents are presented together with their impact on metal spintronics. The challenging interplay between magnetic and electronic properties in topologically trivial and nontrivial systems is described, emphasizing the entangled roles of disorder and correlation at the carrier localization boundary. Finally, the case of dilute magnetic insulators is considered, such as (Ga, Mn)N, where low-temperature spin ordering is driven by short-ranged superexchange that is ferromagnetic for certain charge states of magnetic impurities.
相关主题: RAY-ABSORPTION SPECTROSCOPY, METAL-INSULATOR-TRANSITION, ELECTRICAL SPIN INJECTION, III-V SEMICONDUCTORS, PHYSICS, MULTIDISCIPLINARY, MOLECULAR-BEAM EPITAXY, HIGH-CURIE-TEMPERATURE, INPLANE MAGNETIC-ANISOTROPY, NEUTRAL MANGANESE ACCEPTOR, DENSITY-OF-STATES, CARRIER-INDUCED FERROMAGNETISM, Semiconductors, Ferromagnetic materials, Insulators, Ferromagnetism, Order disorder, Magnetic properties, Spintronics, Manganese, Usage, Analysis, Structure, Quantum theory, Electric properties,

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